What are Rare Earths - Statistics and Information

What are Rare Earths - Statistics and Information

Postby Oscar » Sun Nov 20, 2011 4:50 pm

Rare Earths Statistics and Information

http://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/ ... re_earths/

(cerium, dysprosium, erbium, europium, gadolinium, holmium, lanthanum, lutetium, neodymium, praseodymium, samarium, terbium, thulium, ytterbium, yttrium, ferrocerium, monazite, bastnasite, mischmetal)

The principal economic sources of rare earths are the minerals bastnasite, monazite, and loparite and the lateritic ion-adsorption clays (table 2). The rare earths are a relatively abundant group of 17 elements composed of scandium, yttrium, and the lanthanides. The elements range in crustal abundance from cerium, the 25th most abundant element of the 78 common elements in the Earth's crust at 60 parts per million, to thulium and lutetium, the least abundant rare-earth elements at about 0.5 part per million. The elemental forms of rare earths are iron gray to silvery lustrous metals that are typically soft, malleable, and ductile and usually reactive, especially at elevated temperatures or when finely divided. The rare earths' unique properties are used in a wide variety of applications.

Special Publications (Links are on website)

Factors that Influence the Price of Al, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Rare Earth Elements, and Zn
Open-File Report 2008-1356
Historical Statistics for Mineral and Material Commodities in the United States
Data Series 140
Rare Earths
Metal Prices in the United States through 1998
Rare Earths (PDF)
Principal Rare Earth Elements Deposits of the United States—A Summary of Domestic Deposits and a Global Perspective
Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5220
Rare Earth Elements—Critical Resources for High Technology
Rare Earth Elements—End Use and Recyclability
Scientific Investigations Report 2011-5094
Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences
Open-File Report 02-189
Statistical Compendium
Rare Earths

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